2-nor-leukotriene analogs: antagonists of the airway and vascular smooth muscle effects of leukotriene C4, D4 and E4

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1983 Dec 28;117(3):732-9. doi: 10.1016/0006-291x(83)91658-3.


A structural analog of LTD4, 4R-hydroxy-5S-cysteinylglycyl-6Z-nonadecenoic acid (4R, 5S, 6Z-2-nor-LTD1) has been synthesized and pharmacologically characterized. It significantly antagonized the contractile action of LTD4, LTC4 and LTE4 in guinea pig airways. In addition, this compound antagonized the in vitro vasoconstrictive effects of LTD4 in the guinea pig pulmonary artery. The study of a series of structural analogs of 4R, 5S, 6Z-2-nor-LTD1 suggests that the spatial separation of the C-1 (eicosanoid) carboxyl relative to the hydroxyl is a critical determinant in LTD4 agonist/antagonist activity.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Airway Resistance / drug effects*
  • Animals
  • Guinea Pigs
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Leukotriene E4
  • Muscle Contraction / drug effects
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / drug effects*
  • SRS-A / analogs & derivatives*
  • SRS-A / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • SRS-A / pharmacology
  • Structure-Activity Relationship


  • SRS-A
  • Leukotriene E4