Analysis of the mouse gamma-crystallin gene family: assignment of multiple cDNAs to discrete genomic sequences and characterization of a representative gene

Nucleic Acids Res. 1984 Jun 11;12(11):4517-29. doi: 10.1093/nar/12.11.4517.


Blot hybridization analysis of mouse DNA with gamma-crystallin-specific cDNAs has detected the presence of a multigene family comprised of at least four related genes. The detailed structure of one of these genes, mouse gamma 4-crystallin (M gamma 4.1), and its corresponding cDNA has been determined. The gene spans approximately 2.6 kilobases (kb) and contains two introns. The gene predicts a polypeptide of 174 amino acids that shares extensive sequence homology with gamma-crystallin polypeptides of other species. The two similar structural domains of the protein correspond exactly to the second and third exons of the gene, supporting an exon-duplication model of gene evolution. The similarity in structure of this gene to that recently reported for a gamma-crystallin gene of the rat (1) suggests that a common structure may exist for all gamma-crystallin genes of the two species. Moreover, a highly conserved region, 50 nucleotides in length, immediately precedes the TATA box of both the mouse and rat genes, suggesting that this sequence may be important in gene regulation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Bacteriophage lambda / genetics
  • Cloning, Molecular*
  • Crystallins / genetics*
  • DNA / analysis*
  • DNA Restriction Enzymes
  • Genes*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Inbred DBA
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Species Specificity
  • Spleen / metabolism


  • Crystallins
  • DNA
  • DNA Restriction Enzymes

Associated data

  • GENBANK/K02586
  • GENBANK/K02587