Nosocomial septicemia in patients undergoing sclerotherapy for variceal hemorrhage

Endoscopy. 1984 Jul;16(4):129-30. doi: 10.1055/s-2007-1018555.


The data of 19 consecutive unselected patients undergoing emergency sclerotherapy who were admitted to a single intensive care unit throughout the course of one year, were analyzed retrospectively for clinical and bacteriological signs of septicemia after the first sclerotherapy session. Ten had fever and/or chills, and in six of these patients microorganisms were cultured from arterial blood or central venous catheter tips. The data show that about one-third of patients with liver cirrhosis and acute variceal hemorrhage undergoing emergency sclerotherapy may develop septic disease.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cross Infection / etiology*
  • Emergencies
  • Esophageal and Gastric Varices / therapy*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / therapy
  • Humans
  • Injections / adverse effects
  • Liver Cirrhosis / complications
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Polidocanol
  • Polyethylene Glycols / administration & dosage
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sclerosing Solutions / administration & dosage
  • Sepsis / etiology*


  • Sclerosing Solutions
  • Polidocanol
  • Polyethylene Glycols