Construction of a plasmid that overproduces the large proteolytic fragment (Klenow fragment) of DNA polymerase I of Escherichia coli

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1983 Apr;80(7):1830-4. doi: 10.1073/pnas.80.7.1830.


Using currently available gene fusion techniques, we have constructed plasmids that direct the overproduction of the carboxyl-terminal two-thirds of DNA polymerase I, corresponding to the proteolytically derived "Klenow fragment." We have obtained overproduction amounting to several percent of the cellular protein using constructs in which expression is directed either from the lac promoter or from the leftward promoter of phage lambda. The polymerase fragment has been purified to homogeneity from such overproducing strains by a rapid three-stage purification procedure, yielding material capable of carrying out the same reactions (polymerization, 3' labeling, DNA sequence analysis) as the proteolytically derived fragment. The availability of such overproducing strains should greatly facilitate structural and mechanistic studies of DNA polymerase I. Moreover, the techniques we have described for the cloning and expression of a gene fragment should be generally applicable for the study of protein structure and function in other systems.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA Polymerase I / genetics*
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / genetics*
  • Escherichia coli / enzymology
  • Escherichia coli / genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Lac Operon
  • Operon
  • Peptide Fragments / isolation & purification
  • Plasmids


  • Peptide Fragments
  • DNA Polymerase I
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase