Monoclonal antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen: ionic strength as a factor in the selection of antibodies for immunoscintigraphy

Cancer Res. 1983 Aug;43(8):3857-64.


As part of an ongoing effort to improve the technique of immunoscintigraphy for the detection of human carcinomas with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies (MABs) to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), we have developed a series of MABs to CEA and have studied the effects of low- and physiological molarity buffers on their CEA binding and affinity, as well as their cross-reactivity with granulocyte glycoprotein(s). These in vitro results in different buffer systems were then correlated with the use of these MABs to CEA in the detection of human colon carcinoma grafts in nude mice. Our results show that the binding of CEA by some MABs is influenced by ionic strength and that this may be an important factor in their successful use for the immunolocalization of carcinomas in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen / immunology*
  • Colonic Neoplasms / analysis
  • Cross Reactions
  • Immunologic Techniques
  • Mice
  • Mice, Nude
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Radionuclide Imaging / methods*


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Carcinoembryonic Antigen