The body wall muscle cells of the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, contain two unique types of myosin heavy chain, A and B. We have utilized an immunochemical approach to define the structural location of these two myosins within body wall muscle thick filaments. By immunofluorescence microscopy, myosin B antibodies label the thick filament-containing A-bands of body wall muscle with the exception of a thin gap at the center of each A-band, and myosin A antibodies react to form a medial fluorescent stripe within each A-band. The complexes of these monoclonal antibodies with isolated thick filaments were negatively stained and studied by electron microscopy. The myosin B antibody reacts with the polar regions of all filaments but does not react with a central 0.9 micron zone. The myosin A antibody reacts with a central 1.8 micron zone in all filaments but does not react with the polar regions.