During the period 1973-76 2 patients, neither immigrants, were operated on and found to have tuberculoma of the liver. Both were successfully treated. Tuberculoma of the liver is an uncommon condition and is rarely encountered as a surgical problem. It can, however, present a surgical challenge as it must be distinguished from the more common types of right upper quandrant abdominal lesions such as biliary, gastroduodenal and other hepatic diseases. The occurrence of a tuberculoma of the liver without coexistent tuberculosis elsewhere in the body is extremely rare. Its presence in association with other tuberculous foci, whilst uncommon, has been recorded on a number of occasions.