The problem of acute infectious corneal disease in Bangladesh is discussed. Environmental situations combined with socioeconomic conditions create significant blindness due to this disease in this country. Clinical differentiation into bacterial and fungal ulcers was usually impossible in the advanced stages of ulceration with which the patients presented. Serious logistical problems hinder therapy. Fungal ulcers fared worse than bacterial ulcers. Conjunctival flaps were unsuccessful in alleviating the former. Critical shortage of medication as well as corneal tissue for therapeutic transplantation added to the difficulties. Large-scale public health and educational measures are indicated for effective, long-term solution.