Leukocyte metabolism and function in uremia

Kidney Int Suppl. 1983 Dec;16:S93-6.

Abstract

Leukocyte metabolism was studied in 13 non-diabetic hemodialysis patients, 8 clinically stable, nondiabetic transplant recipients, and 13 control subjects. Metabolic parameters included rates of oxygen consumption (nmoles/min/10(6) cells), glucose uptake, lactate production (nmoles/hr/10(6) cells), and 14C-l-glucose oxidation to 14CO2 (nmoles/hr/10(6) cells). Granulocyte metabolism was stimulated by phagocytosis of opsonized zymosan (Z) and by the membrane perturbing agent phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). Granulocyte motility in response to zymosan-activated plasma (ZAP) was also studied. Granulocytes from hemodialysis patients showed significantly impaired stimulated oxygen consumption (Z = 2.41 +/- 0.30 vs. 3.73 +/- 0.39; PMA = 2.63 +/- 0.33 vs. 3.67 +/- 0.19), resting glucose uptake (17.7 +/- 2.9 vs. 36.5 +/- 3.5), stimulated glucose uptake (Z = 44.2 +/- 7.1 vs. 71.8 +/- 5.3; PMA = 63.7 +/- 5.5 vs. 92.8 +/- 5.6), stimulated lactate production (Z = 68.4 +/- 5.1 vs. 97.5 +/- 9.3; PMA = 70.7 +/- 4.9 vs. 92.7 +/- 5.4), and ZAP-stimulated granulocyte motility (16 +/- 3 vs. 30 +/- 4 mu). Metabolic responses of granulocytes from transplant recipients were frequently intermediate between those of hemodialysis patients and controls, but not significantly different from controls. Abnormalities of glucose and oxygen metabolism in granulocytes from uremic patients may cause or contribute to granulocyte dysfunction and vulnerability to infection in such patients.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Chemotaxis, Leukocyte / drug effects
  • Female
  • Granulocytes / metabolism*
  • Granulocytes / physiology
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation
  • Lactates / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Phagocytosis
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Uremia / blood*
  • Uremia / immunology
  • Uremia / therapy

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Lactates