A new serogroup of Legionella pneumophila was isolated from bronchoscopic washings and an open-lung biopsy specimen of a patient from California with pneumonia. A serologically identical isolate was obtained from tap water of a hospital ward in the Netherlands, and a fatal case of pneumonia in a patient from Virginia was shown retrospectively to have been caused by this new organism. The type strain of what is now serogroup 9 of L. pneumophila is IN-23-G1-C2 (American Type Culture Collection no. 35289). Disease caused by L. pneumophila serogroup 9 is not apparently different from that caused by other L. pneumophila serogroups.