The effect of ingestion of uncooked cornstarch (2 g/kg body weight) in water, uncooked starch (1 g/kg) added to a meal, and glucose (2 g/kg) in water, was studied in eight patients with type IA glycogen storage disease (GSD) and one patient with type IB GSD. Blood glucose concentrations were determined at 30-min intervals during each tolerance test; blood lactate, blood insulin, and expiratory hydrogen were determined at 60-min intervals. The glucose levels remained in the normal range (greater than or equal to 1.8 mM) during approximately 6.5-9.0 h, 3.5-6.5 h, and 2.25-4.0 h during the three tolerance tests, respectively. The lactate levels differed markedly for the different tests per patient, and for the same type of test between the patients. Blood insulin concentrations after starch administration did not exceed values of 50 mU/liter above fasting levels and were markedly lower than those after glucose administration (maximum levels of 280 mU/liter). The expiratory hydrogen excretion did not increase or only slightly increased after cornstarch administration (less than 20 ppm).