Pyomyositis is common in the tropics yet is rarely reported in temperate climates. A woman in whom pyomyositis developed in a temperate climate is presented. Computed tomography was the key in the diagnosis of the disease involving the muscles of the left lateral chest wall. The patient's condition responded to intravenous antibiotics and open abscess drainage. The 31 cases reported in the United States are reviewed. Unfamiliarity still poses a barrier to early diagnosis, although pyomyositis is being more frequently described in temperate climates.