Plasma glucagon suppressibility after oral glucose in obese subjects with normal and impaired glucose tolerance

Metabolism. 1984 Dec;33(12):1068-74. doi: 10.1016/0026-0495(84)90089-1.

Abstract

Blood glucose, plasma insulin, and glucagon responses after a 75 g oral glucose-tolerance test were assessed in 9 normal controls, 5 obese nondiabetics (ON), 5 obese nondiabetics with fasting hyperinsulinemia (obese "resistant" nondiabetics--OR), 9 obese with impaired glucose tolerance (O-IGT), and 9 nonobese insulin-dependent diabetics (IDD). Fasting plasma glucagon concentrations were significantly higher in all groups of patients in comparison to the normal controls. Insulin secretion, evaluated in all but the IDD, was similar to normal in the ON and increased in the OR and O-IGT. Normal glucagon suppression was observed in the lean controls and ON but not in OR, O-IGT, and IDD. We suggested that the resistance to glucagon suppression after glucose load in the OR and O-IGT in the presence of increased insulin response could be an indication that the A cell participates in the relative insulin insensitivity of these subjects.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / analysis
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / blood
  • Female
  • Glucagon / blood*
  • Glucose Tolerance Test*
  • Humans
  • Insulin / blood
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / blood*
  • Radioimmunoassay

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Glucagon