A solid phase immunoradiometric assay for gastric parietal cell antibodies

Clin Exp Immunol. 1984 Dec;58(3):745-53.


We recently described a solid phase immunoradiometric assay (IRMA) for anti-thyroglobulin and anti-thyroid microsomal antibodies. In the present study a similar IRMA for gastric parietal cell antibodies (PCA) has been developed. Samples to be tested are incubated within wells of polyvinyl microtitre plates coated with solubilized gastric microsomal antigen. After removal of unbound material, PCA is detected by adding purified 125I-anti-human IgG antibody. A good correlation was found with the results of PCA assays obtained by indirect immunofluorescence. In contrast, negative PCA by IRMA were consistently obtained in sera containing high titres of several other organ specific and non-organ specific autoantibodies. PCA determinations by IRMA were than carried out in a series of normal controls and patients with autoimmune or non-autoimmune thyroid disorders. Positive results were obtained in three of 70 (4.3%) apparently normal subjects, in 16 of 87 (18.4%) patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, in 10 of 48 (20.8%) with idiopathic myxoedema, in 25 of 95 (25.6%) with Graves' disease and in five of 64 (7.8%) with other non-autoimmune thyroid disorders. Preliminary results showed that quantitative measurements of PCA by IRMA could be performed using a serum containing high levels of PCA as standard reference. In conclusion, PCA may be easily and specifically detected using the same IRMA procedure previously developed for anti-thyroid antibodies. We therefore suggest that the present IRMA may be proposed as a general technique for the detection of different organ specific autoantibodies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Autoantibodies / analysis*
  • Autoimmune Diseases / immunology
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Organ Specificity
  • Parietal Cells, Gastric / immunology*
  • Radioimmunoassay / methods
  • Thyroid Diseases / immunology


  • Autoantibodies