Diversity of Spiroplasma Host-Parasite Relationships

Isr J Med Sci. 1984 Oct;20(10):995-7.

Abstract

Studies of many new mollicutes isolates from insects collected over the last 2 years have suggested a tentative grouping of host-parasite relationships. Those that have been partially studied to date include: 1) temporary gut infection or gut contamination in which the spiroplasmas may survive gut passage with little or no multiplication and with very limited persistence; 2) permanent gut infection in which the host gut is the year-round reservoir; 3) gut infection with hemolymph invasion in which spiroplasmas occur commonly in insect guts but with ability to invade the hemolymph of certain species to which they are pathogenic; and 4) hemolymph infection with noncultivable spiroplasmas in which spiroplasmas occurring in hemolymph or other host tissues are noncultivable.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bees / microbiology
  • Coleoptera / microbiology
  • Digestive System / microbiology
  • Diptera / microbiology
  • Female
  • Hemolymph / microbiology
  • Hymenoptera / microbiology
  • Insecta / microbiology*
  • Male
  • Spiroplasma / growth & development
  • Spiroplasma / isolation & purification
  • Spiroplasma / physiology*