Construction of DNA sequences complementary to rat alpha 1 and alpha 2 collagen mRNA and their use in studying the regulation of type I collagen synthesis by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D

Biochemistry. 1984 Dec 4;23(25):6210-6. doi: 10.1021/bi00320a049.


Type I collagen mRNA from fetal rat calvaria was used as a template for the synthesis of a cDNA that was subsequently inserted in the PstI site of the plasmic vector pBR322 and cloned. Three recombinant plasmids containing type I collagen specific sequences were characterized: p alpha 1R1 is 1600 bp and spans approximately 500 amino acid residues within the triple helical region of alpha 1(I) and p alpha 1R2 is 900 bp in size and covers the entire 3' noncoding and about half of the C-terminal propeptide region of alpha 1(I) collagen mRNA. The third recombinant p alpha 2R2 is 1500 bp and contains alpha 2(I) sequences specific for the entire 3' noncoding and C-terminal propeptide region. Partial nucleic acid sequence data revealed that the decreasing order of amino acid and nucleotide homology to similar regions of the rat cDNA was mouse greater than human greater than chick. Northern hybridization of mRNA after electrophoresis in 0.8% agarose revealed two distinctly different molecular weight patterns characteristic of alpha 1(I) (4.7 and 5.7 kb) and alpha 2(I) (4.2 and 4.5 kb) collagen mRNA when hybridized with the corresponding cDNA probe. Despite the high degree of sequence homology, DNA probes from rat or human produced a significantly reduced hybridization signal when used as an interspecies hybridization probe than to its corresponding mRNA. The rat cDNA probes were used in a dot hybridization assay to measure the type I collagen mRNA content in the fetal rat calvaria.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Bone and Bones / analysis*
  • Bone and Bones / embryology
  • Bone and Bones / metabolism
  • Calcitriol / pharmacology*
  • Chickens
  • Cloning, Molecular*
  • Collagen / biosynthesis*
  • Collagen / genetics
  • DNA
  • DNA, Recombinant*
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Nucleic Acid Hybridization
  • Plasmids
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Rats


  • DNA, Recombinant
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Collagen
  • DNA
  • Calcitriol

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M11432
  • GENBANK/M12198
  • GENBANK/M12199
  • GENBANK/M12200
  • GENBANK/M12201
  • GENBANK/M12202