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Case Reports
, 24 (2), 225-31

Kinetics of Clonazepam in Relation to Electroencephalographic and Clinical Effects

Case Reports

Kinetics of Clonazepam in Relation to Electroencephalographic and Clinical Effects

Y Ståhl et al. Epilepsia.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to see if the immediate EEG and clinical response to an intravenous dose of clonazepam was predictive for the effect of oral clonazepam maintenance therapy. Four children with petit mal epilepsy were given clonazepam intravenously during continuous EEG recording. Clonazepam plasma concentrations were determined repeatedly with a high performance liquid chromatographic method using a reversed phase system. The day after the intravenous dose the patients were given oral therapy with clonazepam. Repeated long-term EEG recordings were made and plasma concentrations of clonazepam were determined. There was no clinically satisfactory effect of clonazepam during oral maintenance treatment in three of the children who responded well to the intravenous dose of clonazepam. Thus, the immediate response to intravenous clonazepam was not a good predictor of the long-term effects in our patients.

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