Serious Candida infections were seen in 55 surgical patients from January 1977 through December 1980. Most of the patients had compromising underlying conditions and many were elderly. Broad-spectrum antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) appeared to predispose patients to Candida infections. Mortality rate from Candida was 38%. A high percentage of patients with positive blood or bile cultures died as a result of Candida infection. Therapy with intravenous amphotericin B was highly effective if given in adequate dosage. No patient receiving more than 200 mg of amphotericin B died, but the mortality rate was 56% in those receiving lower doses.