The Authors compared the mean LH, FSH, PRL, E1, E2, Testosterone, Androstenedione plasmatic levels in a group of post-menopausal women affected by endometrial carcinoma (EK), with those of a control group presenting clinical characteristics as close as possible to those of the pathologic group. The case series was significant. They found no significant difference between the two groups' hormonal levels. On the other hand, E1 levels were found to increase along-side with obesity. In patients affected by EK, E1 plasma levels significantly increased alongside with the post-menopausal age. Conversely, in the control group, this hormonal value significantly and progressively decreased from the menopause onwards. Furthermore, the Authors studied the effects of surgical intervention on the hormonal picture in EK bearers.