Inhibitory effect of esculetin on 5-lipoxygenase and leukotriene biosynthesis

Biochim Biophys Acta. 1983 Aug 29;753(1):130-2.


Esculetin (6,7-dihydroxycoumarin) showed inhibitory effects on 5- and 12-lipoxygenases of cloned mastocytoma cells. The half-inhibition dose (ID50) for each enzyme was 4 X 10(-6) and 2.5 X 10(-6) M, respectively. No inhibition at all, but rather a stimulating effect on prostaglandin synthesis, was observed, especially at higher doses of esculetin. Leukotriene synthesis by mouse mast tumour cells was also reduced in the presence of esculetin in parallel with 5-lipoxygenase inhibition. From these results, esculetin may be useful as a tool for research on regulatory mechanisms or physiological functions of leukotrienes.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arachidonate Lipoxygenases
  • Clone Cells
  • Lipoxygenase Inhibitors*
  • Mice
  • Prostaglandins / biosynthesis
  • SRS-A / biosynthesis*
  • Umbelliferones / pharmacology*


  • Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
  • Prostaglandins
  • SRS-A
  • Umbelliferones
  • Arachidonate Lipoxygenases
  • esculetin