Infertility after acute salpingitis with special reference to Chlamydia trachomatis

Fertil Steril. 1983 Sep;40(3):322-9. doi: 10.1016/s0015-0282(16)47294-8.


Of 552 women with laparoscopically verified acute salpingitis (AS), 299 were reviewed 2.5 to 7.5 years later. Cervical secretions from these women had been cultured for the presence of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. For 49 of 82 women with visually normal pelvic organs, such cultures were also performed; these women served as control subjects. In women exposing themselves to pregnancy, 50 (23.3%) of 197 AS patients and 2 (6.7%) of 30 control women were infertile for at least 1 year (P less than 0.02). After one episode of AS, women harboring chlamydiae, gonococci, both, or neither of these microorganisms in the cervix on admission seemed to have the same fertility prognosis. Infertility was correlated with the number of AS episodes, the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (millimeters per hour) at admission, and the severity of the inflammatory reactions of the tubes. The use of oral contraceptives at admission was found to be a positive prognostic factor regarding fertility. Oral contraceptives might protect the patient from severe tubal inflammatory reactions.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Chlamydia trachomatis / isolation & purification*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / etiology*
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae / isolation & purification
  • Prognosis
  • Salpingitis / complications
  • Salpingitis / microbiology*