Genetic analysis of A-factor synthesis in Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and Streptomyces griseus

J Gen Microbiol. 1983 Sep;129(9):2939-44. doi: 10.1099/00221287-129-9-2939.


A-factor is a potent pleiotropic effector produced by Streptomyces griseus and is essential for streptomycin production and spore formation in this organism. Its production is widely distributed among various actinomycetes including Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2). Genetic analysis of A-factor production was carried out with S. coelicolor A3(2), and two closely linked loci for A-factor mutations (afsA and B) were identified between cysD and leuB on the chromosomal linkage map. In contrast, genetic crosses of A-factor-negative mutants of S. griseus, using a protoplast fusion technique, failed to give a fixed locus for A-factor gene(s) and suggested involvement of an extrachromosomal or transposable genetic element in A-factor synthesis in this organism.

MeSH terms

  • 4-Butyrolactone / analogs & derivatives
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Chromosomes, Bacterial
  • Conjugation, Genetic
  • Genetic Linkage
  • Growth Substances / biosynthesis
  • Growth Substances / genetics*
  • Mutation
  • Protoplasts
  • Streptomyces / genetics*
  • Streptomyces / metabolism
  • Streptomyces griseus / genetics
  • Streptomyces griseus / metabolism


  • Growth Substances
  • A-factor (Streptomyces)
  • 4-Butyrolactone