Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of bovine immunoglobulin G1 antibody to a protoplasmic antigen of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis

Am J Vet Res. 1983 Nov;44(11):2205-7.


An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed for the detection of antibodies to Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in the sera of cattle. This assay was designed to minimize the nonspecific ELISA reactions caused by immunoglobulin (Ig)M by measuring only IgG1 antibodies against a protoplasmic antigen from the organism. The ELISA detected IgG1 antibodies in the sera of 58% of cattle with positive fecal cultures for M paratuberculosis compared with detection of 45% of culture-positive animals with an immunodiffusion test. In addition to its sensitivity, the ELISA apparently is highly specific because only 4% of the sera from fecal culture-negative animals gave a false-positive result.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / analysis*
  • Antigens, Bacterial / immunology
  • Cattle
  • Cattle Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay*
  • Female
  • Immunodiffusion / veterinary
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques*
  • Immunoglobulin G / analysis*
  • Mycobacterium / immunology*
  • Paratuberculosis / diagnosis*


  • Antibodies, Bacterial
  • Antigens, Bacterial
  • Immunoglobulin G