We have recently shown that newly administered vitamin A (retinol) is initially taken up by the parenchymal cells of the liver, and subsequently (within 1-2 h) transferred to non-parenchymal liver cells (NPC) (Blomhoff et al., ref. ). In the present study we have separated the NPC by different methods to determine the cell type responsible for this uptake of [3H]retinol. When liver cells were prepared between 5 and 18 h after intraduodenal administration of [3H]retinol, the radioactive retinol was recovered mainly in the stellate cells. Other liver cells (i.e., hepatocytes, endothelial cells and Kupffer cells) contained only small amounts of [3H]retinol. Further, fluorescence microscopy studies indicated that stellate cells contain large quantities of retinol. Our results show that newly administered [3H]retinol, which is initially located in the hepatocytes, is transferred to the stellate cells and stored there.