The histogenesis of renal basement membranes was studied in grafts of avascular, 11-day-old mouse embryonic kidney rudiments grown on chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM). Vessels of the chick CAM invade the mouse tissue during an incubation period of 7-10 days and eventually hybrid glomeruli composed of mouse epithelium and chick endothelium form. Formation of basement membranes during this development was followed by immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase stainings using polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies against mouse and chick collagen type IV and against mouse laminin. These antibodies were species-specific as shown in immunochemical and immunohistologic analyses. The glomerular basement membrane contained both mouse and chick collagen type IV, demonstrating its dual cellular origin. All other basement membranes were either exclusively of chick origin (mesangium, vessels) or of mouse origin (tubuli, Bowman's capsule).