Pertussis and pertussis vaccine. Reanalysis of benefits, risks, and costs

JAMA. 1984 Jun 15;251(23):3109-13. doi: 10.1001/jama.251.23.3109.

Abstract

Using recently published information, we examined the experience of a hypothetical cohort of 1 million children followed up from birth to 6 years of age without and with a pertussis vaccination program. Costs associated with death or lost wages were not estimated. A vaccination program reaching 90% of children would reduce disease incidence and disease-related costs by 90%. Taking into account costs associated with vaccine and vaccine reactions, the costs are reduced 82%. The ratio of overall costs without a program to those with a program is 5.7:1. The benefit-cost ratio is 11.1:1. Because we did not include indirect costs, this is a conservative estimate. Until improved vaccines are available, continued use of our present vaccines, with careful attention to possible contraindications, seems the only prudent course to follow.

KIE: An analysis was performed on the experience of a hypothetical cohort of one million children followed from birth to 6 years of age with and without a pertussis vaccination program. The results indicated that a vaccination program reaching 90% of children would reduce disease incidence and disease-related costs by 90%. Based on a conservative approach that considered only direct costs associated with vaccine and vaccine reactions, the authors calculated that the benefit-cost ratio of an immunization program is 11.1:1. They conclude that, until improved vaccines are developed, it is prudent to continue use of present vaccines with careful attention to possible contraindications.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pertussis Vaccine* / adverse effects
  • Risk Assessment*
  • Vaccination* / adverse effects
  • Vaccination* / economics
  • Whooping Cough / complications
  • Whooping Cough / economics
  • Whooping Cough / prevention & control*

Substances

  • Pertussis Vaccine