Influence of frequent and long-term consumption of legume seeds on excretion of intestinal gases

Am J Clin Nutr. 1984 Jul;40(1):48-57. doi: 10.1093/ajcn/40.1.48.


The objective of this study was to determine the influence of long-term and frequent consumption of legume seeds on the excretion of fermentation gases. This was done by comparing gas excretion for one group (B) of individuals that habitually consumed legumes to that of another group (NB) of individuals that only infrequently consumed legumes. Gas excretion was measured during one diet period (control) when they consumed their normal diets and during one diet period (bean) when they consumed 100 g (dry weight), daily, of red kidney beans. Twelve men participated in this study on an outpatient basis and received each diet for 23 days. We found that there was neither short-term (no difference throughout the 23 days) nor long-term (NB and B groups were equivalent) adaptation in the quantity of gas that was excreted. However, both groups subjectively expressed greater tolerance and less physical discomfort as the bean-consuming period continued.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Breath Tests
  • Carbon Dioxide / analysis
  • Diet
  • Fabaceae*
  • Flatulence / etiology*
  • Gases / analysis
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen / analysis
  • Intestines / physiology
  • Male
  • Methane / analysis
  • Plants, Medicinal*


  • Gases
  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Hydrogen
  • Methane