Inspiratory muscle strength and body composition in patients receiving total parenteral nutrition therapy

Am Rev Respir Dis. 1984 Jul;130(1):33-7. doi: 10.1164/arrd.1984.130.1.33.


We examined the relationship between inspiratory muscle strength and body composition in 59 patients receiving total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Inspiratory muscle strength was assessed by measuring maximal inspiratory pressure (Pm) after a tidal expiration, with the patient supine and the nose occluded. Body composition was determined by multiple isotope dilution. Body cell mass (BCM) and extracellular mass were estimated by measuring total exchangeable potassium (Ke) and total exchangeable sodium (Nae), respectively; Nae/Ke, an index of the nutritional state, was calculated from these values. The effect of changes in muscle mass was evaluated in 29 of the patients by simultaneous determination of Pm and body composition, prior to and at 2-wk intervals during TPN therapy. The Pm was lower (mean +/- 1 SE:33.5 +/- 2.8 cm H2O) in malnourished patients than in those who were in the normal Nae/Ke range (45.3 +/- 4.8 cm H2O, p less than 0.05). Loss of strength was related to reduction in muscle mass because BCM was also reduced in malnourished patients (15.6 +/- 0.8 kg) when compared to those with normal Nae/Ke (19.3 +/- 0.9 kg), (p less than 0.05), and Pm was positively correlated with BCM (r = 0.27, p less than 0.01). Changes in BCM were accompanied by appropriate changes in Pm during the study period (r = 0.44, p less than 0.01); the majority (21 patients) showed improvement in both BCM and Pm.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Body Composition*
  • Muscles / physiology*
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Parenteral Nutrition*
  • Parenteral Nutrition, Total*
  • Potassium / metabolism
  • Respiratory Physiological Phenomena*
  • Sodium / metabolism


  • Sodium
  • Potassium