Tissue plasminogen activator: peptide analyses confirm an indirectly derived amino acid sequence, identify the active site serine residue, establish glycosylation sites, and localize variant differences

Biochemistry. 1984 Jul 31;23(16):3701-7. doi: 10.1021/bi00311a020.


Tissue plasminogen activator, separated into variants I and II (differing in Mr by 2000-3000), was reduced and [14C]carboxymethylated. Fragments from cleavages with enzymes and cyanogen bromide (CNBr) were separated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography and subjected to sequence degradations. All seven CNBr fragments were purified and found to be compatible with the cDNA-derived amino acid sequence [Pennica, D., Holmes, W. E., Kohr, W. J., Harkins, R. N., Vehar, G. A., Ward, C. A., Bennett, W. F., Ylverton, E., Seeburg, P. H., Heynecker, H. L., Goeddel, D. V., & Collen, D. (1983) Nature (London) 301, 214-221]. Chemical characterization of 93% of the 527 residues recovered in 50 peptides confirmed the indirectly deduced primary structure of the protein. The tryptic peptide patterns from the two variants were found to differ for one peptide (T15). Since carbohydrate was present in this peptide for variant I and since a marked difference in chromatographic behavior for T15 was observed in variant II, we conclude that carbohydrate differences in this peptide (i.e., Asn-184 in the numbering system of the cDNA-derived amino acid sequence) are the explanation for the size differences between variants I and II. Carbohydrate was also found at two other positions in the protein, corresponding to Asn-117 and Asn-448. However, a fourth potential glycosylation site, Asn-218, is apparently not utilized for carbohydrate attachment. The enzyme is inactivated by diisopropyl phosphorofluoridate, which covalently modifies the serine residue corresponding to position 478, identifying this as the active site serine residue.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Cell Line
  • Cyanogen Bromide
  • DNA / analysis
  • Endopeptidases
  • Genetic Variation*
  • Humans
  • Melanoma
  • Metalloendopeptidases*
  • Peptide Fragments / analysis
  • Plasminogen Activators / genetics
  • Plasminogen Activators / isolation & purification*
  • Serine / analysis
  • Trypsin


  • Carbohydrates
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Serine
  • DNA
  • Endopeptidases
  • Plasminogen Activators
  • Trypsin
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • auR protein, Staphylococcus aureus
  • Cyanogen Bromide