[Mathematical model of carbohydrate energy metabolism. Interaction between glycolysis, the Krebs cycle and the H-transporting shuttles at varying ATPase load]

Biokhimiia. 1980 May;45(5):771-82.
[Article in Russian]


A simple mathematical model for carbohydrate energy metabolism based on the stoichiometic structure of glycolysis, the Krebs cycle and oxidative phosphorylation is proposed. The only allosteric regulation involved in the model is phosphofructokinase activation by AMP. Simple as it is, the model can explain the following properties of carbohydrate metabolism: a drastic rise of the rate of glucose consumption during transition to a higher level of ATPase load; stabilization of ATP and an increase of the steady state rates of glycolysis and oxidation of cytoplasmic NADH by the H-transporting shuttles and of pyruvate in the Krebs cycle with increasing rate of the ATPase load; activation of glycolysis and a decrease of the rate of oxidative phosphorylation following an inhibition of the H-transporting shuttles. The mechanisms of the coordinated changes in the steady state rates of glycolysis, the H-transporting shuttles and the Krebs cycle at varying ATPase load in the cell are discussed.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphatases / metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism*
  • Citric Acid Cycle*
  • Energy Metabolism*
  • Glycolysis*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • Mathematics
  • Models, Biological
  • NAD / metabolism
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation


  • NAD
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases