Mucin synthesis. II. Substrate specificity and product identification studies on canine submaxillary gland UDP-GlcNAc:Gal beta 1-3GalNAc(GlcNAc leads to GalNAc) beta 6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase

J Biol Chem. 1980 Dec 10;255(23):11253-61.

Abstract

The preceding paper (Williams, D., and Schachter, H. (1980) J. Biol. Chem. 255, 0000-0000) described a novel N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase in canine submaxillary gland microsomes which catalyzed the incorporation of GlcNAc into mucin acceptors. We show in the present report that the enzyme catalyzes th following reaction: UDP-GlcNAc + Gal beta 1-3GalNAc-X leads to Gal beta 1-3(GlcNAc beta 1-6) GalNAc-X + UDP, where X can be porcine submaxillary mucin polypeptide (Km = 5.2 mM), antifreeze glycoprotein polypeptide (Km = 23 mM), alpha-O-p-nitrophenyl (Km = 0.52 mM), beta-O-p-nitrophenyl (Km = 0.92 mM), alpha-O-o-nitrophenyl (Km = 0.86 mM), alpha-O-benzyl (Km = 0.77 mM), alpha-O-methyl (Km = 4.2 mM), or -H (Km = 1.2 mM). Ineffective acceptors (< 5% of the activity with Gal beta 1-3GalNAc-alpha-p-nitrophenyl) are asialo-ovine submaxillary mucin, asialo-alpha 1 acid glycoprotein, Gal beta 1-3GlcNAc-beta-p-nitrophenyl, Gal beta 1-3GlcNAc-alpha-methyl, Gal beta1-3GlcNAc, Gal beta 1-3-N-acetylgalactosaminitol, and D-fucose beta 1-3GalNAc-alpha-benzyl, indicating that both the Gal and GalNAc residues are essential for acceptor activity. The beta 1 leads to 6-linkage of GlcNAc to GalNAc in the acceptor Gal beta 1-3GalNAc-alpha-O-benzyl was established by methylation analysis and high resolution 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy of a large scale preparation of product. Preliminary evidence has been obtained indicating that sialic acid linked alpha 2-6 to GalNAc or L-fucose linked alpha 1-2 to Gal inhibit the action of the beta 6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase on Gal beta 1-3GalNAc-porcine submaxillary mucin polypeptide.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Carbohydrate Conformation
  • Carbohydrate Sequence
  • Dogs
  • Glucosyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Methylation
  • Mucins / biosynthesis*
  • N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases*
  • Oligosaccharides / analysis
  • Submandibular Gland / enzymology*
  • Substrate Specificity

Substances

  • Mucins
  • Oligosaccharides
  • Glucosyltransferases
  • N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferases
  • UDP-N-acetylglucosamine-mucin acetylglucosaminyltransferase