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. 1980 Dec 1;152(6):1625-44.
doi: 10.1084/jem.152.6.1625.

Release of Endogenous C3b Inactivator From Lymphocytes in Response to Triggering Membrane Receptors for Beta 1H Globulin

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Release of Endogenous C3b Inactivator From Lymphocytes in Response to Triggering Membrane Receptors for Beta 1H Globulin

J D Lambris et al. J Exp Med. .
Free PMC article


Human bone marrow-derived lymphocytes and cells from B lymphoblastoid lines were shown to have specific membrane receptors for beta 1H globin. Lymphocytes responded to the presence of beta 1H by releasing endogenously-synthesized C3b-inactivator. Very little spontaneous release of C3b-inactivator occurred in the absence of beta 1H. beta 1H-treated lymphocytes that either lacked complement receptor type one (CR1, the C4b-C3b receptor) or had their CR1 blocked with Fab'-anti-CR1 formed rosettes with C3b-coated sheep erythrocytes (EC3b) by adherence to complement receptor type two (CR2, the C3d-C3bi receptor). The mechanism of the beta 1H-induced EC3b rosette formation was shown to involve the release of lymphocyte C3b-inactivator that cleaved bound C3b into C3bi forming EC3bi. This lymphocytes-generated EC3bi then bound to CR2, forming rosettes. beta 1H-induced EC3b rosettes were completely inhibited by the presence of either anti-C3b-inactivator, F(ab')2-anti-CR2, Fab-anti-C3c, or Fab-anti-C3d, but were unaffected by the presence of fluid-phase concentrations of beta 1H up to 5.5 mg/ml or Fab'-anti-CR1. Analysis by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and fluorography demonstrated that cell-free supernates of beta 1H-treated lymphocytes cleaved 3H-labeled C3b on EC3b into C3bi. Inhibition studies with chelating agents and sodium azide suggested that the release of C3b inactivator might involve a calcium and energy-dependent transport of this enzyme across the membranes of beta 1H-triggered cells. Because plasma beta 1H and C3b-inactivator are known to have important functions in the distinction of alternative pathway-activating substances from normal tissue, it is possible that this beta 1H receptor-C3b-inactivatory releasing system in lymphocytes may have an analogous function.

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