Blood components in neonatal medicine

South Med J. 1984 Aug;77(8):965-7. doi: 10.1097/00007611-198408000-00006.


During a six-month period, 552 infants were admitted to a level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and four level II units. Of the 953 cross matches of blood components requested from the blood bank, 83% were administered. Forty-four percent of the infants received multiple blood transfusions from multiple blood donors (mean 3.9 donors, range two to 11). Thirty-one percent received multiple transfusions from only one donor. The mean total volume of blood given was 22.5 ml (range 3 to 120 ml), exclusive of blood used for exchange transfusions. Seventy percent of the blood components were given to infants weighing less than 2,500 gm, and 44% were given to infants weighing less than 1,500 gm. Hospitals having only level II units must have the same blood banking facilities as hospitals with level III units, since 21% of the infants given transfusion received the blood component while receiving level II care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Donors
  • Blood Transfusion*
  • Erythrocyte Transfusion
  • Exchange Transfusion, Whole Blood
  • Humans
  • Hyperbilirubinemia / therapy
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Newborn, Diseases / therapy*
  • Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
  • Plasma Exchange
  • Platelet Transfusion
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / therapy
  • Shock / therapy