Re-evaluation of the kinetics of lactate dehydrogenase-catalyzed chain oxidation of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide by superoxide radicals in the presence of ethylenediaminetetraacetate

J Biol Chem. 1976 Jul 10;251(13):3841-4.


The chain oxidation of lactate dehydrogenase-bound NADH initiated by superoxide radicals and propagated by oxygen was studied with pulse radiolysis. The kinetic parameters were re-evaluated in a system with carefully purified reagents (water and other chemicals) and in the presence of EDTA. The rate constant for the oxidation of the enzyme-bound NADH by O2- is calculated from the observed pseudo-first order disappearance of NADH and the chain length (molecules of NADH oxidized per O2- anion generated in the pulse). It is (1.0 +/- 0.2) X 10(5) M-1 S-1, consistent within a 13-fold variation in lactate dehydrogenase. NADH complex concentration and with varying chain length up to 6.1. Based on experiments with varying pH values from 4.5 to 9.0, the rate constant for oxidation of enzyme-bound NADH by HO2 is estimated to be 2.0 X 10(6) M-1 S-1.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Edetic Acid / pharmacology*
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Kinetics
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / metabolism*
  • Mathematics
  • Myocardium / enzymology
  • NAD / metabolism*
  • Superoxides
  • Swine


  • NAD
  • Superoxides
  • Edetic Acid
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase