Electrocardiographic and coronary arteriographic correlations during acute myocardial infarction

Am J Cardiol. 1984 Aug 1;54(3):249-55. doi: 10.1016/0002-9149(84)90176-0.


One hundred fifty-two patients underwent cardiac catheterization and coronary arteriography within 6.3 +/- 6.0 hours from the onset of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). All had standard 12-lead electrocardiograms recorded within 1 hour of cardiac catheterization. The electrocardiographic abnormalities present were correlated with the infarct-related artery as determined by coronary arteriography. ST-segment elevation was the most common finding in patients with the left anterior descending (LAD) or right coronary artery as the infarct-related artery. ST-segment depression was the most common abnormality in patients with the left circumflex (LC), artery as the infarct-related artery. A classic pattern of anteroseptal AMI was seen in 93% of all patients with the LAD as the infarct-related artery. A classic pattern of inferior AMI was seen in 53% of patients with right of LC narrowing taken as 1 group. The pattern of true posterior and isolated lateral wall AMI in the absence of classic changes in the inferior leads was highly specific and predictive of LC narrowing. In contrast, the pattern of an inferior wall AMI, in the absence of true posterior or lateral wall changes, was highly specific and predictive of right coronary artery narrowing. Fifty-six percent of patients with LC artery as the infarct-related artery presented with non-classic electrocardiographic abnormalities. The electrocardiographic patterns in patients with subtotal occlusions were similar to those of patients with total occlusions. Thus, the electrocardiogram obtained in the first few hours of AMI is reliable in localizing the LAD as the infarct-related artery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Coronary Angiography*
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*