Fetoscopy was performed in three pregnancies at risk for the Majewski syndrome and in one pregnancy at risk for the Saldino-Noonan syndrome of the fetus. One case of Majewski syndrome and two normal fetuses were correctly diagnosed. In the remaining case the amniotic fluid was blood-stained and the fetus could not be visualized. Patients previously carrying a fetus with a Short Rib-Polydactyly syndrome of the Majewski or Saldino-Noonan types are at a high risk of recurrence (25%) and should be offered prenatal diagnosis in subsequent pregnancies. Polydactyly is consistently present in these syndromes, and is easily seen through the fetoscope. Fetoscopy offers a safe and instant diagnosis as early as 15-16 weeks of gestation.