Lymphocyte purine 5'-nucleotidase edficiency in primary hypogammaglobulinaemia

Lancet. 1977 Jan 22;1(8004):168-70. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(77)91765-2.


The mean activity of purine 5'-nucleotidase (E.C. in lymphocytes was significantly lower in patients with non-familial adult onset "variable" primary hypogammaglobulinaemia than in non-hypogammaglobulinaemic control subjects. These findings suggest that 5'-nucleotidase activity is necessary for normal lymphocyte function. This may be related to its role in facilitating the transfer of newly formed purines across cell membranes by converting them from nucleotides to nucleosides. This enzyme defect may be a characteristic metabolic lesion in at least some of the patients; alternatively, it may be secondary to some other metabolic defect or plasma-membrane change.

MeSH terms

  • Agammaglobulinemia / blood
  • Agammaglobulinemia / enzymology*
  • Agammaglobulinemia / etiology
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Cell Membrane / enzymology*
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lymphocytes / pathology*
  • Nucleotidases / blood
  • Nucleotidases / physiology
  • Purine Nucleosides / metabolism
  • Purine Nucleotides / metabolism
  • Purines / biosynthesis


  • Purine Nucleosides
  • Purine Nucleotides
  • Purines
  • Nucleotidases