Anatomic and electrophysiologic substrate of the permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1984 Sep;4(3):601-10. doi: 10.1016/s0735-1097(84)80108-4.


Data are reported on three patients with the permanent form of junctional reciprocating tachycardia, in whom conduction over a slow accessory pathway was observed after His bundle ablation. Tachycardia was almost incessant and showed a retrograde P wave (P') and RP' interval longer than P'R interval in all patients; during sinus rhythm, the PR interval was normal and there was no evidence of a delta wave. An accessory pathway with a long conduction time located in the posterior pyramidal space provided the retrograde limb of the reentry circuit. After His bundle ablation, the accessory pathway was capable of conducting in both anterograde and retrograde directions with decremental properties in all patients. Postmortem documentation of the accessory pathway was achieved in one patient. Serial sections revealed an accessory atrioventricular connection composed of ordinary myocardium joining the lower rim of the coronary sinus outlet to the uppermost ventricular muscle. This anomalous atrioventricular connection pursued a sinuous, tortuous path. As a result of changing cross-sectional area, such an accessory pathway might exhibit slow conduction, thus explaining its decremental characteristics.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Atrioventricular Node / physiopathology
  • Bundle of His / physiopathology*
  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Electric Countershock
  • Electrocardiography
  • Female
  • Heart Conduction System / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardium / pathology
  • Tachycardia / pathology
  • Tachycardia / physiopathology*
  • Tachycardia / therapy