Calculation of pulsatile flow and particle paths in an aneurysm-model

Basic Res Cardiol. 1984 May-Jun;79(3):253-61. doi: 10.1007/BF01908024.


The velocity field and the wall shear stress have been calculated numerically by the finite element method to the time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations for pulsatile flow in a model of an aneurysm. The results show a complex flow field with two eddies growing and disappearing during the cardiac cycle. Downstream at the outlet vessel high wall shear stress occurs, which may lead to a downstream-growing of the aneurysm. With the knowledge of a sufficiently accurate flow field, the calculation of several particle paths has been carried out. Starting points and starting time are varied. The paths demonstrate the time-dependent development, shift and disappearance of vortices during the pulsatile cycle and provide hints on zones of stasis. These are significant factors in thrombogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aneurysm / physiopathology*
  • Arteries / physiopathology
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Hemodynamics*
  • Humans
  • Mathematics
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Rheology*