The effects of five anorexic agents on food consumption were tested in rats offered single, isocaloric, isonitrogenous diets differing in carbohydrate content. Three of the test agents, d-amphetamine, benzphetamine and chlorphentermine, are sympathomimetic and cause CNS stimulation; the others, MK-212 and d-fenfluramine, are thought to facilitate serotonin-mediated neurotransmission. At ED50 doses, the sympathomimetic drugs reduced food consumption whether the test diet was rich (75% dextrin) or poor (25% dextrin) in carbohydrate. In contrast, MK-212 and d-fenfluramine failed to reduce consumption of the 25% dextrin test diet. These observations suggest that anorexic drugs like d-amphetamine and d-fenfluramine do not act via a common "amphetamine receptor," and are compatible with earlier observations, made on rats given diet pairs simultaneously, that enhanced serotoninergic neurotransmission selectively suppresses appetite for carbohydrates.