Bolus geometry and dynamics after intravenous contrast medium injection

Radiology. 1984 Nov;153(2):365-8. doi: 10.1148/radiology.153.2.6484168.


Studies of contrast medium bolus geometry and dynamics were carried out to provide data for optimizing the use of contrast medium in digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and dynamic CT. Apparatus for fast digital recording of x-ray attenuation profiles was used; this is a new digital imaging mode (Chronogram) available on a CT scanner. Variables studied were injection site, injection speed, contrast medium volume, and subsequent saline injection; peak time, full width at half maximum, and maximum contrast enhancement were recorded. Positioning of the catheter in the vena cava reduced peak time and increased enhancement. High injection speeds led to shorter peak times. An increase in speed from 4 to 8 ml/s caused markedly higher enhancement, while further increase did not add significantly to enhancement. For a given injection speed, enhancement was increased and the peak time delayed by using larger injection volumes. Injection of saline solution after intravenous contrast medium did not change results significantly. There was a statistically significant correlation between pulse rate and peak time; the faster the pulse rate the shorter the peak time.

MeSH terms

  • Angiography / methods*
  • Contrast Media / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed / methods*


  • Contrast Media