Elevation of plasma concentrations of arginine vasopressin following perinatal asphyxia

Acta Paediatr Scand. 1984 Sep;73(5):610-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1984.tb09983.x.

Abstract

Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is a major cause of mortality in neonates. Studies in experimental subjects have shown differing responses of plasma arginine vasopressin to hypoxia. Plasma arginine vasopressin levels, serum osmolality, urine osmolality and fluid intakes were measured in thirteen asphyxiated and nineteen control newborn infants during the first seventy-two hours of life. In the asphyxiated infants plasma arginine vasopressin was found to be elevated as compared to control infants on days one (p less than 0.001) and two (p less than 0.007) but not on day three of life. Urine osmolality was also elevated in the study patients on days one (p less than 0.01) and two (p less than 0.001) but not on day three, in spite of equal intakes of fluid on day one in both groups and significantly diminished fluid intake on days two and three in the study patients. Serum osmolality was not different between the two groups on any day studied, and was felt to be on the basis of diminished intake in the study infants. The data presented in this study support the concept that arginine vasopressin release occurs following perinatal asphyxia in term newborn infants.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Arginine Vasopressin / blood*
  • Asphyxia Neonatorum / blood*
  • Blood Chemical Analysis
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Osmolar Concentration
  • Urine / analysis
  • Water-Electrolyte Balance

Substances

  • Arginine Vasopressin