The clinical significance of a newly developed real-time 2-dimensional (2-D) Doppler flow imaging technique was assessed. In the instrumentation of the echocardiograph, the pulsed Doppler mechanism was incorporated in a wide-angle, phased-array system. The Doppler flow signals obtained from the cardiac chamber were processed on the basis of the autocorrelation principle. The direction, velocity and variance of the intracardiac blood flow were calculated in real time and displayed in the color-coded mode on the television screen, and were superimposed on the 2-D echocardiographic image of the heart. The technique was used in 20 healthy subjects and 100 cardiac patients. The new technique clearly visualized the whole aspect of intracardiac blood flow by the cine mode in real time; thus, the technique may be called Doppler cineangiocardiography. The mitral inflow and the aortic ejection flow were clearly demonstrated. A regurgitant jet from the valve orifices was dynamically visualized as seen in the cineangiogram. The spatial orientation and extent of the regurgitant jet were easily assessed. The jet stream through the stenotic mitral orifice was well imaged in the left ventricular cavity, showing a variety of stream directions. Intracardiac shunts in ventricular septal defect and atrial septal defect were clearly visualized. The defect could be localized on the interventricular septum on the basis of the site where the shunt flow spurted, although the echocardiographic interruption was not demonstrated in the 2-D echocardiographic image of the cardiac structure. Although some technical problems remain, our new technique greatly improves the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound.