Oxidation and oxygenation of L-amino acids catalyzed by a L-phenylalanine oxidase (deaminating and decarboxylating) from Pseudomonas sp. P-501

J Biochem. 1984 Aug;96(2):421-7. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.jbchem.a134853.

Abstract

A number of L-amino acids and derivatives were tested as substrates for the purified Pseudomonas L-phenylalanine oxidase. The reaction products of these amino acids were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography and the kinetic properties of the reactions were partially characterized. In addition to L-phenylalanine, L-tyrosine, DL-o-tyrosine, DL-m-tyrosine, p-fluoro-DL-phenylalanine and beta-2-thienyl-DL-alanine served as substrates for both oxidation and oxygenation catalyzed by the enzyme. On the other hand, L-methionine and L-norleucine were enzymically converted to the corresponding alpha-keto acids with the consumption of oxygen and with the formation of ammonia and hydrogen peroxide in stoichiometric amounts. Kinetic studies showed that the Km values for oxidation and oxygenation of L-phenylalanine by the enzyme were 2.04 mM and 1.96 mM for oxygen, and 13.3 microM and 11.1 microM for L-phenylalanine, respectively. omega-Phenyl fatty acids such as phenylacetic acid, 3-phenylpropionic acid and 4-phenylbutyric acid were competitive inhibitors of the enzyme towards L-phenylalanine. Both oxidation and oxygenation of L-phenylalanine by the enzyme were also inhibited by phenylacetic acid competitively.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Oxidoreductases / metabolism*
  • Amino Acids / metabolism*
  • Kinetics
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Pseudomonas / enzymology*
  • Substrate Specificity

Substances

  • Amino Acids
  • Amino Acid Oxidoreductases
  • phenylalanine oxidase