The nonspecific orbital inflammatory syndromes

Surv Ophthalmol. Sep-Oct 1984;29(2):93-103. doi: 10.1016/0039-6257(84)90166-8.


The nonspecific orbital inflammatory syndromes are a peculiar group of inflammations that may occur in acute or subacute forms and can become chronic. They may be diffuse or primarily localized to a specific tissue of the orbit. The nonspecific inflammations that are targeted toward specific tissues are myositis, dacryoadenitis, perineuritis, and periscleritis. Each of these syndromes has definite signs, symptoms, ultrasonic and radiologic findings. Therefore, this group of nonspecific inflammations should be more clearly classified for purposes of better understanding and better management. All of these inflammatory syndromes in the acute form respond well to high doses of oral corticosteroids tapered gradually over a period of months, but may be reoccurrent or become chronic. The subacute form responds less well. Occasionally, patients require radiation to stop the inflammation in the subacute or chronic state, but these patients are often left with a functional deficit. The cause, although presumed to be an immune disorder involving the orbital tissues, remains unknown.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dacryocystitis / diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Male
  • Myositis / diagnosis
  • Neuritis / diagnosis
  • Orbital Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Orbital Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Sclera
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed