Relations of smoking and diving experience to pulmonary function among U.S. Navy divers

Undersea Biomed Res. 1984 Sep;11(3):299-304.


The relations of 4 pulmonary function parameters (measured from the forced expiratory spirogram) with diving experience (in years) and indices of cigarette smoking were examined in a group of 93 healthy U.S. Navy divers. Years of diving was not significantly related to lung function. The value for pack-years of smoking was inversely associated with both percentage of predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and percentage of predicted maximal midexpiratory flow rate (MMFR). Divers who have relatively heavy smoking histories may be at greater risk for developing significant decline in pulmonary function, and diving exposure factors other than years of diving may contribute to this risk.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diving*
  • Humans
  • Lung / physiology*
  • Male
  • Naval Medicine
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Smoking*
  • United States