The clinical value of self-monitoring blood glucose in diabetic pregnancy at home was compared with hospital care in the thirty-second to thirty-sixth week of pregnancy in a prospective randomized study including 100 pregnancies in 97 patients (White's class B, 38; C, 25; D, 28; and F, 9) of which 54 were in the home group and 46 in the hospital group. The duration of pregnancy was not significantly different in two treatment groups, with a median duration of 266.0 days in the home group and 266.5 days in the hospital group. The mean blood glucose values during the study period were 5.9 mmol/L in the home group and 6.0 mmol/L in the hospital group, thus there were no significant group differences. There were no significant group differences in pregnancy complications; however, 10 of 54 (19%) had to interrupt home-monitoring because of pregnancy complications. The perinatal morbidity was not significantly different in the two treatment groups, with the following percentages of complications in the combined series: 4% idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome, 7% transient tachypnea, 2% symptomatic hypoglycemia, 16% hyperbilirubinemia, 22% feeding problems, and 10% erythrocytosis.