Hematology and biochemistry reference values for Ontario swine

Can J Comp Med. 1984 Oct;48(4):390-3.


The purpose of this study was to establish blood reference values for Ontario swine from various age groups. Weanling pigs, feeder pigs, gilts and sows on 11 randomly selected swine farms were sampled using the orbital sinus bleeding technique. Routine hematological and biochemical determinations were performed using whole blood and serum. For the variables examined in each age group the means, the standard deviations and the 95% upper and lower limits were calculated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Animals
  • Blood Cell Count / veterinary
  • Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary
  • Female
  • Hematocrit / veterinary
  • Hemoglobins / analysis
  • Ontario
  • Reference Values
  • Swine / blood*


  • Hemoglobins