The reproductive cycle of Labidura riparia includes two distinct phases of behavior: a feeding and sexual phase followed by a parental and fasting phase. These phases correspond to two contrasting physiological phases (vitellogenesis, followed by ovarian inactivity). These correlations have been verified by correlating radioimmunoassay (RIA) measurements of the levels of circulating juvenile hormones (JH) and ecdysteroids with ovarian state during the first reproductive cycle. Similar studies were also made after experimentally suppressing parental activity (care of eggs) either by depriving females of their eggs or by force-feeding during the egg-care phase. Taking eggs away without feeding caused the disappearance of parental behavior and a short lived period of vitellogenesis. Likewise, feeding in the presence of eggs resulted in vitellogenesis and disappearance of egg-care behavior. Thus, it appears that in order for the parental phase to develop normally it is necessary to preserve the proper external conditions (the presence of eggs) and physiological conditions (fasting).