Lack of age-dependent cisplatin nephrotoxicity

Am J Med. 1984 Apr;76(4):579-84. doi: 10.1016/0002-9343(84)90280-8.

Abstract

Cisplatin nephrotoxicity was evaluated by serial pretreatment and post-treatment 24-hour creatinine clearance determinations in 43 patients who received 295 monthly infusions of 60 mg/m2 of this drug. An aggressive standard hydration protocol was used without diuretic administration. Fourteen of these patients had a single kidney. Older patients and patients with a single kidney had lower pretreatment creatinine clearances when compared with younger persons with two functioning kidneys. Older and younger patients with two kidneys had an equal, progressive, dose-related deterioration of renal function. Renal function did not decline in persons with a single kidney but did so markedly in those with two kidneys. When administered at 60 mg/m2, cisplatin dose or schedule modification is not indicated on the basis of advancing age or decreased renal function secondary to the surgical loss or total ureteral obstruction of one kidney.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aging*
  • Cisplatin / adverse effects*
  • Cisplatin / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney / drug effects*
  • Kidney Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasms / drug therapy*

Substances

  • Cisplatin